Principles In Diabetes Control
Diabetes control is the key to the prevention of complications that may result from this condition. According to a study conducted by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDKK) from 1983 to 1993, control of blood glucose level delays the onset of diabetes complications like eye, kidney and nerve diseases.
Diabetes is characterized by the inability of a person to produce or use enough insulin to keep blood sugar or blood glucose level within the normal range. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas needed to convert sugar, starch and other food into a form that can be used for cellular digestion. Without insulin, glucose remains in the blood leading to high blood glucose level. Some organs may get damaged due to glucose exposure. These complications may ultimately result to death. In order to delay the onset of these complications and extend the lifespan of the affected individual, a diabetes management plan should be closely followed.
Diabetes control and treatment
Diabetes control means keeping blood glucose level within the normal level as often as possible. Ideally, the blood glucose level should be within 90 to 130 mg/dl before taking a meal and less than 180 mg/dl two hours after taking a meal. To determine the target blood glucose level, a diabetic must consult a physician. Different people may have different target levels so it is a must to rely on an expert regarding this. It is not yet known why high glucose level can lead to serious complications. However, the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) had proven that maintaining a normal blood glucose level can slow down and even prevent further deterioration of the body from diabetes complications.
The National Diabetes Education Program has advocated seven principles in diabetes control. These are as follows:
1. Learn as much as you can about diabetes. – Diabetes awareness is key to successful diabetes control and treatment. Knowledge about the disease can help a person combat this disease and its complications.
2. Get regular care for your diabetes. – It is important for a diabetic to regularly meet with his health care providers to verify the efficiency of the diabetes treatment. Likewise, it is vital to always solicit the support of family, friends and co-workers.
3. Learn how to control your diabetes. – Aside from maintaining blood glucose level within normal range, a diabetic should have a balanced and healthful diet. He should also engage himself in physical exercise.
4. Take care of your diabetes ABCs. – A refers to average blood glucose level. B refers to blood pressure and C refers to cholesterol. The meal plan of a person with diabetes should keep his ABCs within target levels.
5. Monitor your diabetes ABCs. – Coordinate with the health care team on how to monitor ABCs regularly. Likewise, a record of ABC levels should be kept.
6. Prevent Long-Term Diabetes Problems. – Heart attack, stroke, eye and kidney problems, impotence and leg amputation are some of the complications of diabetes. A proper meal plan should be closely followed and diabetes control and treatment should be closely monitored.
7. Get Checked for Long-Term Problems and Get Treatment for them.