Diabetes Blood Sugar Level

Conquer Diabetes Through Diabetes Blood Sugar Level Monitoring

Diabetes is a medical condition wherein the body is unable to produce enough or use insulin properly. Insulin is known as a hormone that the pancreas produce to convert sugar, starches and food into a form that can be used by cells. Without insulin, sugar remains in the blood and may affect many body organs due to glucose exposure. This is why monitoring of the diabetes blood sugar level of a person is an essential part in any diabetes management plan.

Children in the US with diabetes

There are millions of adults and children in the US with diabetes. In addition, there are also millions who are suffering from pre-diabetes. Pre-diabetes is a condition wherein the blood glucose level of a person is high but not that high enough to merit a diabetes diagnosis. This can be considered as the stage which is a precursor to diabetes. In order to determine if a person is a pre-diabetic or diabetic, the diabetes blood sugar level of a person is determined through tests. Two of the most used tests administered by health care providers are the Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG) and the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). In a FPG test, a person has pre-diabetes if the level of his blood glucose is between 100 to 125 mg /dl. A person with a higher diabetes blood sugar level is considered a diabetic. On the other hand, the OGTT is taken 2 hours after a person has fasted and consumed a glucose-rich drink. A person with a two-hour blood glucose level ranging from 140 to 199 mg/dl has pre-diabetes. A higher diabetes blood sugar level indicates that the person has this medical condition. The FPG test is recommended by the American Diabetes Association since it does not cost too much and is easy to perform.

It is advantageous to detect this medication condition at its early stages. There is a lesser chance for complications to occur if this is the case. Furthermore, studies have revealed that treatment can be performed during the pre-diabetes stage to delay the development of the disease. Thus, it is very important to detect the early symptoms of diabetes. These are excessive thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, irritability, fatigue and blurry vision. If any of these symptoms occur, a visit to a doctor or diabetes expert is highly recommended.

The Diabetes Control and Complications

In the past, some sectors of the medical community contend that the complications of diabetes are part of the disease and therefore, cannot be prevented. Some of the most common diabetes complications are blindness, kidney failure, and nerve damage. Other sectors, meanwhile, argued that these complications may be minimized through good diabetes blood sugar level control. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial in 1993 had revealed that the latter argument is correct. For this reason, regular diabetes blood sugar level checking is highly recommended. In fact, for people who are dependent on insulin, this has to be done three to four times in a day. This way, it can be determined if the blood glucose level of a person is well within a target range.