Achieving Diabetes And Blood Sugar Control
In the United States, it is estimated that 7% of the population are diagnosed with diabetes. While almost 15 million people have been diagnosed, there are still an estimated six million people who are unaware of their diabetic condition. Moreover, a significant number of people also has pre-diabetes, a medical condition that occurs when blood sugar levels are beyond normal but is not enough for diabetes diagnoses. In order to address the worsening effects of this medical condition, many organizations have advocated to educate more and more people about diabetes and blood sugar control.
Diabetes and blood sugar monitoring are usually conducted by health care providers to detect the presence of this disease at its early stages. Some of the most common testing kits are the Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG) or the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). These tests determine whether a person has diabetes or pre-diabetes.
Medical studies have shown that diabetes has many causes. However, there are two factors that increases the risk for a person to be afflicted with diabetes. These are genetics and environment. The first factor causes a person to be predisposed to diabetes. This happens when one or both parents have had a history of the disease in the family. The second factor suggests that diabetes and blood sugar increase may be triggered by something in the environment of a person.
A person is at risk of a diabetic type 1 disease if both parents have diabetes. Studies show that whites are more predisposed to this type of medical condition. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is influenced more by genetic factors than the other diabetes types. This means that a person is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if any of his parents or relatives had also had this disease. For type 1 diabetes, among the environmental factors that can lead to this medical condition are weather, virus, and diet. On the other hand, lifestyle and diet are environmental factors that are most likely to lead to type 2 diabetes.
One of the most encouraging findings about diabetes and blood sugar monitoring studies is the fact that people with pre-diabetes can still do something to prevent their condition from worsening. The study, Diabetes Prevention Program, reveals that through changes in diet and exercises, it is possible for a pre-diabetic not to turn into a diabetic. Moreover, certain medications are also recommended to be taken to delay the development of the disease. The American Diabetes Association is currently intensifying its efforts to educate people about diabetes and blood sugar levels so more and more people would learn to manage their condition well.
What recommend the diabetes experts?
To control diabetes and blood sugar levels, diabetes experts recommend that diabetics should be more careful about diet. Lots of vegetables and fruits should be eaten and whole grain foods should be eaten instead of processed grain products. Diabetics should likewise minimize intake of high calorie snack food and sweetened drinks. Fish and lean meats should be included in meals two to three times in a week. Nevertheless, the healthful foods previously mentioned should be taken in moderation as too much of them can lead to weight gain.