Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2 Type Education

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by the inability of the body to regulate or control the amount of sugar or glucose in the blood. Blood sugar supplies the body with the energy that is needed to carry out day to day activities. In order for blood sugar to penetrate the body cells, a hormone called insulin is needed. This hormone is produced by the pancreas. A diabetic person either cannot produce enough insulin in his body or cannot use insulin entirely leading to excessive glucose in the blood. There are many types of diabetes. These are Type 1 diabetes, diabetes 2 type, gestational diabetes and other specific types.

Diabetes 2 type, previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is the most common type of diabetes. Ninety to ninety-five percent of diagnosed diabetes cases in the United States are of this type. On the other hand, type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) accounts for only five to ten percent of these cases. Gestational and other specific diabetes types only account for five percent or less of all US diabetes cases.

Diabetic condition

Diabetes 1 type occurs when the body is no longer able to make insulin or when it produces too little insulin. This medical condition is usually detected during childhood or adolescence which led it to be previously called as juvenile-onset diabetes. However, this can also occur in an older person whose pancreas had already been damaged by age, alcohol or disease. Without this body organ, a human body is not able to produce insulin. As treatment, a person with diabetes 1 type should have daily insulin treatment. A person who has diabetes 2 type, on the other hand, has a functioning pancreas but the body is not able to use insulin partially or completely. This diabetic condition is also called insulin resistance. To remedy this, the body needs to produce more insulin to meet the larger demand for this hormone. A person with diabetes 2 type however, is not able to do this. This condition is detected when a person reaches the adult stage, usually when a person gets past the age of 45. Because of this, diabetes 2 type was also previously referred to as adult-onset diabetes mellitus. Gestational diabetes is a diabetic type that only afflicts pregnant women. This condition often vanishes at the end of the pregnancy term. This condition needs to be treated in order not to risk the lives of both the mother and child. Specific types of diabetes such as diabetes 2 type may be caused by genetic syndromes, malnutrition, infection, drugs and other illnesses.

Types of diabetes

In order to be cured of both types of diabetes, a diabetic needs a healthful diet and physical exercises and blood glucose testing to regularly monitor blood sugar. In particular, type 1 diabetics need to have daily insulin injections. Moreover, it is recommended that they consult health care providers like dieticians and diabetes experts for better diabetes management. They may also see endocrinologists specializing in diabetes for this purpose.