Knowing Your Ideal Blood Sugar Levels Diabetes
Understanding an important component of effective diabetic management is to understand that blood sugar levels diabetes is very essential. But what is blood sugar level? Blood sugar level is defined as the amount of glucose in the bloodstream (also called serum glucose level) and expressed as millimoles per liter or mmol/l. The normal levels should be about an average between 4 to 8 mmol/l which is usually lower in the mornings and higher just after a meal.
But blood sugar levels diabetes go beyond those numbers and would continue to be on occasion, quite high even when proper glucose controls are in place. Since diabetes sometimes shows up late in some adults, the damage those years of high blood sugar levels diabetes takes on the body occurs most often to small blood vessels. Unabated and unchecked, blood sugar levels diabetes will raise complications for such diseases as retinopathy, nephropathy and a neuropathy.
Blood sugar levels
Other more serious complications that may arise from unchecked high blood sugar levels diabetes include cardiovascular disease, such as angina and heart attack, hypertension, stroke and problems caused by poor circulation which can damage extremities such as the foot where open wounds lead to gangrene and maybe even amputation. Experts and doctors have always emphasized the need of keeping blood sugar levels diabetes to cut risks and generally avoid complications. The first lessons often learned by children and adult sufferers of diabetes are to how to control their blood sugar levels.
Measuring blood sugar levels diabetes is easy given the accessibility of standard information on the procedure as well as availability of home testing kits from local drugstores or your personal pharmacists. Of you are near a diabetes testing center, you can ask for help from a medical professional to either teach you or have them take your reading themselves. But since you may have to do this on a daily basis, diabetic sufferers learn how to do the process themselves. All kits have the requisite instructions but the procedure is standard. To take your blood sugar levels diabetes, you have to take a sample of your blood using a sterilized lancet. You then put your blood on the prescribed strip and then place the strip on the device.
Taking glucose levels
The device then will show your glucose reading. Again, the normal values are 4 to 7 mmol/l in the morning before meals and at night, 8 is usually safe. The regularity of taking glucose levels depends on a variety of factors which include your routine or lifestyle and whether you use insulin or not. In general, type I diabetes sufferers should measure their blood sugar levels daily before meals with some days needing one or two tests and four or five might be needed on some days. The advantage of measuring blood sugar levels before meals in the morning gives an accurate indication of the amount of insulin one should need overnight. Type 2 diabetes sufferers are also recommended to follow this schedule.
For those taking oral tablets or on a special diet usually prescribed for type 2 sufferers, once or twice a week should be sufficient.