2 Diabetes

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes has carried different names in the past such as non-insulin dependent diabetes; obesity related diabetes and adult-onset diabetes simply because it is true that it incorporates all these elements until such time that doctors decided to put everything together into a single medical description.

Type 2 diabetes of course is caused by a combination of factors, basically the failure of the pancreas to secrete enough insulin to control blood-sugar under manageable levels and insulin resistance or the failure of the body to respond to available insulin. This metabolic failure of the pancreas’ beta cells results in the early stages of type 2 diabetes to create high levels of insulin in the bloodstream. The reduced insulin sensitivity of the body prompts the pancreas to secrete more insulin thinking that the body needs more of it. Hyperglycemia appears as a result and at this point, several medical interventions must be made to either improve insulin sensitivity or reduce the production of glucose. In acute cases, it may be necessary for insulin therapeutic replacement.

2 diabetes diagnoses

Type 2 diabetes was not called obesity related diabetes for nothing; today, there are some cases where it has been diagnosed that the cause can be attributed to obesity which should be distinguished from being overweight. Doctors specifically cite central obesity which is fat around the waist, as particularly the prime culprit. What happens is that fat surrounding abdominal organs make sufferers vulnerable to insulin resistance as they tend to have more levels of the hormone adipokine which reduces or totally impairs glucose intolerance. The medical statistics affirm this as obesity has been found in recent years to be present in almost half the cases of all type 2 diabetes diagnoses. Type 2 diabetes has also been called adult-onset diabetes as it normally appears in late adulthood. In recent years however due to a rising number of obese children and teenagers, type 2 diabetes has made its appearance in this demographic, underscoring the need for effective ways to combat over-eating and a general lack of exercise among a growing number of American youths.

Since it takes some time for symptoms to manifest themselves in such a way as to arouse suspicion, type 2 diabetes may go undiagnosed until some complication arises. These could be any of the following; renal failure, coronary heart disease, diabetic retinopathy resulting to vision loss, a decreased sensitivity to pain (diabetes neuropathy) and possibly even liver damage.

The first recommendation of medical experts for type 2 diabetes sufferers is usually a lifestyle assessment; there should be radical (180-degree turn) changes in diet choices, a full exercise regimen coupled with a medically supervised weight loss program to tie everything together.

Type 2 diabetes patients

The immediate goal of this program is to enable the body to somehow restore part of its insulin sensitivity and the only way to do this naturally is to address its organic cause to begin with; in some patients, glucose control is even regained as a result. The next step of course would be an appropriate drug program with anti-diabetic drugs that address the specific concerns of type 2 diabetes patients who are either obese or advanced in years.