What Is Diabetes?

If you are suffering from symptoms like frequent urination, are always thirty (even after you have drunk quite a quantity of water with your vision sometimes suddenly blurring, there is a possibility that you might be suffering from diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes. The symptoms described like excessive urination or polyuria, thirst and increased intake of fluids or polydipsia and blurred vision are all symptomatic of the body’s heightened blood sugar levels as a result of low levels of the hormone insulin.

Different diabetes types

You must know that there are three main forms of diabetes: type 1, type 2 and gestational which occurs during pregnancy. All three types depending on demographic distribution can be traced to varying causes, but all have similar symptoms and signs. One question that can be asked for all three is, why does the body suddenly stop producing enough insulin? The answer is that the beta cells of the body’s pancreas suddenly become unable to produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Variations of this inability result in the three different diabetes types mentioned: in Type 1, the inability is caused by the beta cell’s losing their autoimmune efficiency; in Type 2, there is resistance to insulin with regards to certain tissues as well as beta cell impairment; and in gestational diabetes, hormonal changes during pregnancy creates sudden resistance to insulin.

If not treated properly, diabetes can lead to other complications and conditions. Acute hypoglycemia can sometimes lead to hypoglycemic shock and eventually coma. Among the elderly, diabetes can increase cardiovascular risks, retinal failure, nerve damage and chronic renal failure. In men, the effects on micro vascular functions can lead to impotence. Wounds generally take longer to heal and it is not common for some diabetics who have received inadequate medical attention to suffer the horrid effects of gangrene which in some cases, results to amputation for tissue that is already beyond salvage.

There has been controversial debate over diabetes being a lifestyle disease that has only become widespread in the advent of the 20th century with the invention of food and food products which some say, causes the inability of the pancreas to function properly. Experts cite historical medical evidence and the seeming lack if not absence of references to diabetes as proof that poor modern lifestyle choices more than anything else, causes if not complicates diabetes. But certainly, everyone is in agreement that poor diet habits, excessive smoking and lack of exercise will generally have grave implications on one’s health regardless if one has diabetes or not.

Diet and lifestyle management with diabetes

Cure for the disease varies from each type. While there is no cure to reverse type 1 and type 1, the commercial availability of insulin and modern insulin therapy has ensured that sufferers will enjoy long and productive lives. Along with an appropriate insulin therapy, patients are also advised on enforcing a strict diet and lifestyle management plan to complement available medical intervention. The gestational version of the disease is most of the time only incidental with pregnancy and the resulting effects of hormonal imbalances. It usually resolves itself after the pregnancy. Since the diseases is partially inherited with type 2 risks increasing with each family member who gets it, families with a history of the disease are advised to be aware that prevention is better than any cure. Since the disease can manifest itself suddenly after the age of 25, potential sufferers are advised to change their lifestyle habits to lessen their risks.